Temporal data relate to "time" and are stored on a temporal database. Temporal databases are optimised for storing and querying data relating to the occurrences of past, present and future events. A geotemporal database is optimised to link/ fuse spatial and temporal data to provide real-time opportunity data feeds in response to what’s on? where? and when? queries. For Key Performance Indicators (KPIs), Real-time Data Analytics are a necessary complement to both.
Aspects of Temporal Data
1. Valid Time = the time period during which a fact is true in the real world.
2. Transaction Time = the time period during which a fact stored in the database was known.
3. Decision Time = the time period during which a fact stored in the database was decided to be valid.
See also Transaction Time and Valid Time
Temporal databases can be uni-temporal, bi-temporal or tri-temporal:
1. Uni-temporal (one axis of time)
1.1 Validity range or system time range time
2. Bi-temporal (two axes of time)
2.1 Valid time
2.2 Transaction time or decision time
3. Tri-temporal (three axes of time)
3.1 Valid time.
3.2 Transaction time
3.3 Decision time.